The technological transfer is the process through which the communication of scientific and technological knowledge is carried out with the aim of developing new applied research, new products or the generation of new services, thus, it is a critical step in the process of innovation and of competitiveness.
The Universidad Católica del Norte has created its own model of Technology Transfer, which is based on the obtained results through the execution of research and development projects using internal funding, public funding, and private funding or a combination of those.
The sources of knowledge and technology development to be transferred are from different type and origin such as academic units, research centers, laboratories, technological centers which belong or are associated with the University. These sources are coordinated and managed by the Transference and License Office (OTL). This is called “In campus”.
The basic mechanisms of technology transfer are: Contracts of Technology transfer, Projects of “I+D+I Colaborativa”; the basic mechanisms of Spin-off are: Creation of Companies with Techonolgy basis, Patents and Utility models.
Initiatives such as the Center of Techonological Extensionism (CET) of CORFO, the Center of Bussiness Development (CDN) of SERCOTEC, the Project Catalysing of Pymes of FIC-R, the open Co-Work Atacama space of CORFO, and the Scientific Techonological Park of the UCN (PCT UCN) are the proper instances for the process of Technological Transfer. These are called “Off Campus”. In our model, the participation of small and medium companies is very important because they are the recipients of the technologies, companies that will subsequently used these and put them in the market to generate its value.
Transferring technology involves acquiring, ceding, sharing, licensing, accessing and positioning innovative knowledge in the market. For this reason, it is necessary to regulate such activities by means of a legal transaction, with a signed transferal contract.
These consist of joint participation between companies, universities and/or Technological Centers on I+D+i projects.
This mechanism is based on the launch of a Business Project that builds on prior projects, whether within a university or in a business setting. The resulting project is a “spin off”. An example of spin offs in an institutional setting are business incubators, that is, programs or companies that aim to generate or develop small or micro-enterprises and to support these ventures through the early stages of growth. ‘
These proprietary documents grant exclusive rights over an invention in a specific country, preventing commercial exploitation of the invention by other parties. Patents are valid for a period of 20 years and utility models for 10.